6 Side Effects Of Not Drinking Enough Water

Psychogenic polydipsia is the psychiatric condition in which patients feel compelled to drink large quantities of water, thus putting them at risk of water intoxication. This condition can be especially dangerous if the patient also exhibits other psychiatric indications , as the care-takers might misinterpret the hyponatremic symptoms.

Reviewing your situation can help determine if any underlying medical condition is present that may explain your symptoms. Your doctor can also make specific recommendations for your diet and daily water consumption. Late last year I had to take my Mom to the ER due to feeling so weak and lethargic and have been having diarrhea, nausea and vomiting the whole day.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

Most likely, you have had a headache at some point in your life. If so, you’re not alone, as 9 out of 10 people will experience a headache at some point. They are not always a major problem, often accompanying colds, the flu, sinus problems, or other common conditions. Americans consume over one billion glasses of drinking water each day from over 151,000 U.S. community water systems. But natural and man-made disasters, including wildfires, can impact the provision of safe drinking water. Drink enough water consistently throughout the day so that you never feel thirsty.

“If you’re sweating 500 milliliters per hour, that is what you should be drinking.” In humans the kidneys control the amount of water, salts and other solutes leaving the body by sieving blood through their millions of twisted tubules. When a person drinks too much water in a short period of time, the kidneys cannot flush it out fast enough and the blood becomes waterlogged. If drinking water is something that always falls by the wayside during your day, fill a water bottle in the morning and keep it close by to track how much you’re drinking.

Keep ice and drinks within reach so you do not have to get up as often, if you are tired. Suck on ice chips or popsicles if you have trouble drinking or eating. Drink a large glass of water before bed and when you wake up each morning. We only cite reputable sources when researching our guides and articles. These include peer-reviewed journals, government reports, academic and medical associations, and interviews with credentialed medical experts and practitioners.

In most cases symptoms get worse when you bend down, walk around or move your head. If you have a medical condition that increases your risk of hyponatremia or you take diuretic medications, be aware of the signs and symptoms of low blood sodium. Always talk with your doctor about the risks of a new medication. Chronic, severe vomiting or diarrhea and other causes of dehydration. This causes your body to lose electrolytes, such as sodium, and also increases ADH levels.

Eat Water

Such solutions can be purchased at your local grocery store or drugstore, and contain the right amount of salts and sugars needed to rehydrate infants and children. Because they don’t contain the proper salts and sugars, soda , fruit juice, and chicken broth are not advisable. Catching it early is key to proper dehydration treatment and prevention of a more serious case that could become life-threatening. Dehydration headaches occur secondary to or as a complication of dehydration. Mild to moderate dehydration can cause headaches that can range from being relatively mild to severe headaches such as migraines. Electrolytes help regulate the function of your kidneys and your heart. Drinking too much water dysregulates those vital functions.

The volume of plasma in the blood vessels of the brain may also decrease since plasma has a high water component. Healthy kidneys are nimble organs that are typically able to adjust the amount of water they command your body to retain or excrete—but they can get overwhelmed. When you drink too much water, your kidneys can’t get rid of the excess water, according to the Mayo Clinic.

The body requires the proper balance of fluid and electrolytes to function properly. Every day, your body loses water through daily activities, such as sweating and urinating, and typically you make up for that loss naturally with the foods you eat and fluids you drink. But sometimes, this balance can get out of whack due to diarrhea, vomiting, fever, or extreme sweating.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

And a group of US Army trainees suffered vomiting and seizes after downing over 2 liters per hour after a tough day of training. Surprising factors can increase your risk for dehydration in the winter. Here’s how to make sure you’re getting enough H2O when it’s chilly out.

In fact, there’s a lot of marketing behind popular hydration recommendations, Sims says—with potentially dangerous consequences. “Drinking too much fluid can lead to hyponatremia, which is when sodium in blood becomes too diluted,” Sims says. Many of these signs don’t indicate over-hydration in of themselves, so talk about your urine color and the frequency with which you’re going to the bathroom with your doctor. Peeing too much because you can’t put down the Nalgene can lead to a loss of potassium, a mineral that helps your body contract and relax your muscles, says Statt. Without it, you might notice yourself more easily cramping, and the Mayo Clinic’s page on hyponatremia symptoms backs this up. Potassium is an electrolyte, and when you’re constantly flushing out your body, you can lose too much of it. Many experts recommend that you drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day.

Get helpful tips, expert information, videos, and more delivered to your inbox. Blocking out as much light and sound as possible, including by using a sleep mask, white noise machine, or earplugs if necessary. Try to empty your bladder as part of your routine before bed so you’re less likely to feel a strong need to urinate during the night. Both of these can have a diuretic effect, making you need to pee during the night. In addition, alcohol and caffeine can interfere with your normal sleep cycle and sleep quality. Clicking on this link means that you have chosen to leave our website.

How Do I Get Myself And My Loved Ones To Drink More Water?

For example, people with uncontrolled diabetes urinate frequently. Some medications can also cause a person to urinate or sweat more than normal. Drug rehabilitation If you are receiving cancer treatment, you may be at a higher risk for dehydration due to side effects, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

Endurance athletes, such as those who run marathons and triathlons, sometimes drink too much water before and during an event. This occurs when your body can’t get rid of water properly.

It is most common among people with schizophrenia, but it can also arise in people with affective disorders, psychosis, and personality disorders. If you begin experiencing symptoms, like confusion, seizures, or loss of consciousness, you may want to seek immediate medical attention.

Drinking too much water can lead to water intoxication. This is rare and tends to develop among endurance athletes and alcohol instant headache soldiers. Another report describes the development of hyponatremia after drinking more than 5 liters in a few hours.

In acute hyponatremia, sodium levels drop rapidly — resulting in potentially dangerous effects, such as rapid brain swelling, which can result in a coma and death. However, drinking large amounts of water usually does not cause overhydration if the pituitary gland, kidneys, liver, and heart are functioning normally. To exceed the body’s ability to excrete water, a young adult with normal kidney function would have to drink more than 6 gallons of water a day on a regular basis. Anyone can become dehydrated if they don’t take care of themselves and drink water. However, infants and children, especially when they’re sick, are at a higher risk because they may be unable to communicate that they’re thirsty.

Dr. Moawad regularly writes and edits health and career content for medical books and publications. Some popular eating plans, like the ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting, may indirectly increase the risk for dehydration. If you’re experiencing symptoms like an altered mental state or seizures, it’s important to seek urgent medical attention, rather than simply making a doctor’s appointment. Your doctor can diagnose hyponatremia based on blood tests and urine tests. The symptoms of this condition are usually mild, and patients can recover at home. Detox water is claimed to have all sorts of health benefits, including weight loss.

If that same person is running a marathon, however, the stress of the situation will increase vasopressin levels, reducing the kidney’s excretion capacity to as low as 100 milliliters per hour. Drinking 800 to 1,000 milliliters of water per hour under these conditions can potentially lead a net gain in water, even with considerable sweating, he says. Severe cases of hyponatremia can lead to water intoxication, an illness whose symptoms include headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, frequent urination and mental disorientation. To prevent overhydrating, use your thirst cues and urine color as a guide. Drink water when you are thirsty and until your urine is light yellow to clear. Avoid drinking more than 1 liter of fluid per hour which will allow your kidneys to get rid of excess water.

Low Body Mass Infants

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, on the other hand, recommends the consumption of 11 and a half cups of fluids per day for women and 15 and a half cups for men. Fruits, vegetables, soups and other high-water foods count toward your daily fluid intake. Harvard Health Publishing states that healthy people may drink four to six cups of water daily. An imbalance of fluid and electrolytes in the body can result in a dehydration headache. When your body is dehydrated, your brain may temporarily contract or shrink from fluid loss. This causes the brain to pull away from the skull, causing pain and resulting in a headache. Once rehydrated, the brain plumps up and returns to its normal state, relieving the discomfort.

While water can certainly help promote balance, you don’t want to overdo it. Drinking too much water can lower the blood’s sodium levels, which can cause tissue cells to swell. Headaches are signs of both over-hydration and dehydration. When you drink too much water, the salt consumption in your blood reduces, causing the cells in the organs throughout your body to swell. Currently, there isn’t solid data on exactly what level of sodium in the blood causes these early symptoms—it probably varies from person to person, Dixon says. Fortunately, for the average person, drinking too much water usually leads to nothing more than an increase in bathroom breaks. Many diseases — such as diabetes, cystic fibrosis, and kidney disease — increase dehydration risk and the need for fluids.

What makes dehydration in children worse is that illnesses make it even more difficult to retain fluids when administered to reverse the effects of fluid loss. Conventional wisdom says to drink eight glasses of water a day—but really, doesn’t that depend on how big the glass is? So you wanna put dehydration headaches in their place, huh? Drinking enough water and stocking up on electrolytes are all important steps, but they’re just two small pieces of a larger puzzle. You’ll also want to eat more hydrating foods and cut back on diuretics like coffee and alcohol. Call your doctor if you know you are at risk of hyponatremia and are experiencing nausea, headaches, cramping or weakness.

The authors of the study report that hyponatremia symptoms can develop if a person drinks 3–4 liters of water in a short period, though they do not give a specific time estimate. Water intoxication is particularly common among endurance athletes. It can happen if a person drinks a lot of water without correctly accounting for electrolyte losses.

Not to be a party pooper, but some of the most pleasurable substances have immediate drawbacks on hydration. Alcohol is at the top of the “Naughty List.” In fact, many of the classic hangover symptoms are due to electrolyte imbalances and dehydration.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

Remember – if you feel thirsty, you’re already dehydrated. You may see the symptoms of dehydration improve in as little as five to 10 minutes. Drink water, but replace fluids with a drink that contains electrolytes if you experience significant sweating or fluid losses from vomiting and diarrhea. It is summertime and it is important to ensure that you are well hydrated; however, it is also important to know that excessive water consumption can reverse the good effects. It is advisable to drink water only when your body indicates the thirst. It can interrupt long-awaited friend hangs, or worse, your precious sleep.

Find a happy balance between six to eight glasses daily to stay healthy. One of the first things you might notice when you’re dehydrated is a throbbing headache. If dehydration is the cause, it should go away shortly after you drink a large glass of water. Dieters and other people trying to lose weight may incorrectly assume that drinking an excessive amount of water will “flush” the unhealthy toxins in their body out.

How Does Dehydration Affect The Heart? Can Dehydration Cause High Blood Pressure?

A common principle of sleep hygiene is having a consistent sleep schedule that provides enough time for you to get the sleep that you need. Limiting late-night use of electronic devices, developing a relaxing bedtime routine, and using a comfortable mattress are other examples of positive sleep hygiene that can help you rest well.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

Your kidneys are responsible for filtering the water you drink through your body and making sure the fluid levels in your bloodstream stay balanced. When you drink too much water, your kidneys have to work even harder, creating a stressful reaction from your hormones that leaves your body stressed and fatigued.

International expert panel reviews of its prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment and prevention. Dr. Paz has two degrees in chemistry from Harvard and earned his medical degree from Columbia University. He did his medical training in internal medicine and cardiology at New York-Presbyterian. In addition to his work at K Health, Dr. Paz is a cardiologist at White Plains Hospital, part of the Montefiore Health System. Your body is smart—like Mensa smart—so it knows when it needs something and sends you a signal. You just need to listen, as one study from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine suggests. All that said, you don’t need to chug gallons of the stuff.

Several medical conditions can cause your body to retain water. To estimate the right amount, it can help to consider calories. If a person needs 2,000 calories per day, they should also consume 2,000 milliliters of water per day. Athletes, older adults, and pregnant women, for example, may need to drink more water each day.

Whether you are looking for physical therapy, rehabilitation by a medical doctor, or other physical treatments, we have you covered. When something’s right in front of you, it’s hard to ignore. Having a by your side can make it even more exciting to drink water morning, evening and night.

What Causes Hyponatremia?

It is recommended to drink 16 to 20 ounces of fluid for every pound lost. Drinking too much water or not having a way to remove it can cause water levels to build up.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

However, if you’re drinking plenty, it’s not abnormal to go as many as 10 times a day. This loss of fluids and electrolytes can result in a dehydration headache. If you forget to drink enough water on a hot day, while exercising or during a hike, you could end up dehydrated. In some places, there may be no access to safe drinking water which can exacerbate the situation. The good news is that you can prevent many of these symptoms by squeezing flavorless electrolyte supplements into your beer, cider or cocktail. However, most people don’t realize that the body needs electrolytes while drinking alcohol, not just before and after.

Talk with your health care team about any new symptoms or change in symptoms that you experience. Diuretics to increase urination, which are most effective for excess blood volume. Water, just like any other substance, can be considered a poison when over-consumed in a brief period of time. Water intoxication mostly occurs when water is being consumed in a high quantity without adequate electrolyte intake. We are one of Hawaii’s very few physical medicine facilities that can offer you a variety of services all under one roof. If you are looking for massage, physical therapy, specific pain management, or other physical treatments we are here to help.

However, in the setting of extreme physical exertion, thirst may not be the best guide. The condition can also cause brain cell death from physical compression and electrolyte/water imbalances. Hyponatremia can be very difficult to manage medically because it progresses so rapidly and the damage is so severe. Anding https://ecosoberhouse.com/ suggests writing down any symptoms you’re experiencing, such as nausea or a headache, and then calling your doctor. “What you’re doing is collecting your own data,” she says. During the steamy summer months, lots of attention is focused on dehydration and making sure we prevent it by drinking enough water.

Talk With A Doctor

“Couple accused of killing son by forcing him to drink water”. It can be very easy for children under one year old to absorb too much water. Because of their small body mass, it is easy for them to take in a large amount of water relative to body mass and total body sodium stores. Cooler temperatures can also reduce the body’s thirst response, meaning you might be less likely to consume water. And you know how you can often see your breath in the cold air? This is actually water vapor your body is losing that needs to be replenished.

Ralph Morris, MD, MPH, is a physician and preventive medicine and public health official living in Bemidji, MN. One humorous, but informative, video addresses various long-standing hydration misconceptions and their origins.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

If you wait until after you’re thirsty, you’re already dehydrated. Hyponatremia due to excessive drinking and sodium loss through sweating has been seen among marathon and triathlon participants. The ideal amount of fluid consumption for an average person should be between 9 to 12 cups per day, depending on activity levels and some other factors. Use these strategies to increase your hydration and support your health.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Dehydration?

But when they continue to drop due to drinking more than your body is capable of excreting, it can cause symptoms like bloating, headache, brain fog, and nausea. “The kidneys have limitations of how much water they can excrete at a time, which is a maximum of 800-1,000 millileters per hour,” says Koskinen. “Anything that exceeds that amount essentially waterlogs the body.” Enter bloating. Headaches are both a sign of overhydration and dehydration—similar to nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. When you drink too much water, the salt concentration in your blood reduces, causing the cells in the organs throughout your body to swell.

Drinking excessive amounts of water can cause low sodium by overwhelming the kidneys’ ability to excrete water. Because you lose sodium through sweat, drinking too much water during endurance activities, such as marathons and triathlons, can also dilute the sodium content of your blood.

This can cause the body’s cells to swell and retain fluid. Of course, the first step to getting rid of your dehydration headache is drinking water. However, if you want some quick pain relief, try an over-the-counter pain relief medication likeExcedrin® Extra Strength. An easy way to test and see if you’re dehydrated is checking the color of your urine. Normal urine should be pale yellow in color, like lemonade. If your urine is a darker color, similar to apple juice, this could be a sign of moderate to severe dehydration. Drink enough water so that your urine is light yellow or clear.

Being sick with a fever can also worsen a situation where you are losing fluids and electrolytes through diarrhea and vomiting. Most people will suffer from a headache at some point in their life but luckily some common types of headaches, such as dehydration headaches, can be treated easily and avoided in the future. In this article, you will learn the symptoms of a dehydration headache, get tips on headache treatment, find out how long your dehydration headache will last, and learn when to speak to a doctor. In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted.

When you’re dehydrated, your urine is a dark yellow color; when you’re adequately hydrated, it’s more like the color of lemonade (sorry!); and if you’re overly hydrated, it may be nearly clear. If you need a color reference, this pee chart might help.

Talk with your health care team about ways to prevent or reduce these side effects and any concerns you have about dehydration. People who are suffering from significant dehydration often find that they feel extremely tired, lethargic, or fatigued. Other symptoms of dehydration, such as headaches, dry mouth and nasal passages, and muscle cramps may cause discomfort that makes it harder to sleep well. Because headaches are a common symptom of many different conditions, it can sometimes be difficult to figure out whether the pain in your head is being caused by dehydration or by something else.

Although it is not common, drinking too much water can be life threatening. When your kidneys can’t excrete the excess water, the sodium content of your blood is diluted. When a person drinks too much water too fast, the amount of water in the body rises which causes the cells to swell. The condition can quickly lead to swelling in the brain, seizure and coma.

Diuretic medications, which are prescribed to treat heart failure and high blood pressure, can increase your risk of dehydration. Amin Arnaout, chief of nephrology at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Your kidneys filter out excess waste and water from your bloodstream. But they can only process 800-1,000 mL of water an hour. And if you somehow manage to drink more than that without throwing up, you can run into trouble. Because you’re drinking faster than your kidneys can process it. It is normal for athletes to drink fluid in order to replenish and cool off during and after a training session, and it is important for the body to stay hydrated during exercise.

Hydrate more during exercise and hot weather — If you are sweating heavily during exercise or exposure to hot weather, your water needs increase. Drink more during these times to replenish the extra fluids you are losing through sweat.

During exercise or exposure to hot weather, you will need to drink more fluids to replace the water lost through sweat. Most cases of water poisoning do not result from simply drinking too much water, says Joseph Verbalis, chairman of medicine at Georgetown University Medical Center. It is usually a combination of excessive fluid intake and increased secretion of vasopression , he explains. Produced by the hypothalamus and secreted into the bloodstream by the posterior pituitary gland, vasopressin instructs the kidneys to conserve water. Its secretion increases in periods of physical stress—during a marathon, for example—and may cause the body to conserve water even if a person is drinking excessive quantities. When the sodium level drops too quickly, fluids move out of the bloodstream and into tissue cells, which causes these cells to expand.

With summer afoot, hydration will be a hot topic among wellness evangelists. They routinely tell us what to put in our water to make it even healthier, as well as try to get us to drink more of it. The body needs to keep electrolytes like magnesium and sodium in just the right ratios. If this delicate balance gets disrupted it can cause complications like fatigue, headaches and more. By the time you finally start chugging water, that demon-of-a-headache is here to stay. Throw some coffee and alcohol into the mix and it can get a whole lot worse.

The Merck Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the MSD Manual outside of North America. Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge. Drinking too much water without replacing salt can be harmful, occasionally even in healthy people. Cleveland Clinic Community Care puts patients first by offering comprehensive, coordinated, personalized healthcare. Hypovolemia defines many conditions where extracellular fluid volume is reduced.

Water intoxication is rare, and it is very difficult to consume too much water by accident. However, it can happen — there have been numerous medical reports of death due to excessive water intake. If sodium levels fall below 135 millimoles per liter (mmol/l), doctors refer to the issue as hyponatremia. This article describes the symptoms, causes, and effects of water intoxication. It also looks into how much water a person should drink each day. Try cutting back on excessive water intake to see if overhydration might be causing your lingering fatigue.

Often, no symptoms occur, but in severe overhydration, people may become confused or have seizures. People can develop overhydration if they have a disorder that decreases the body’s ability to excrete water or increases the body’s tendency to retain water. Most cells have room to stretch because they are embedded in flexible tissues such as fat and muscle, but this is not the case for neurons. “Inside the skull there is almost zero room to expand and swell,” he says. But when you drink too much water, the sodium solution gets diluted.

One 2014 study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that our swallow reflex diminishes once we’ve had enough to drink. That being said, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends women drink 2.7 liters of water each day and that men drink 3.7 liters each day. This is especially the case if you notice that you’re going to bathroom more than usual. “On average, people urinate 6-8 times a day, though going up to 10 times a day is within the realm of normal for the water-drinking high-achieves,” says Koskinen. Even though we’re constantly reminded of the benefits of staying hydrated, drinking enough water can be a tricky business. The same is true even after you’ve become one with your water bottle—once it feels like an appendage, it can be difficult to put it down.

Regardless of the type of dehydration, the symptoms are often similar and can include headaches and migraines. However, when electrolyte imbalances enter the picture it can kick symptoms up to a whole ‘nother level… Dehydration has some serious negative side effects for your brain. When you’re already dehydrated, water alone isn’t rich enough in the electrolytes, vitamins and minerals you need to feel your best. In chronic hyponatremia, sodium levels drop gradually over 48 hours or longer — and symptoms and complications are typically more moderate. Seek emergency care for anyone who develops severe signs and symptoms of hyponatremia, such as nausea and vomiting, confusion, seizures, or lost consciousness. Certain drugs, such as some antidepressants, can also cause overhydration in susceptible people.

can drinking too much water give you a headache

Where did people get the idea that guzzling enormous quantities of water is healthful? After scouring the peer-reviewed literature, Valtin concluded that no scientific studies support the “eight x eight” dictum . And since he published his findings, Valtin says, “not a single scientific report published in a peer-reviewed publication has proven the contrary.”

According to the World Journal of Emergency Medicine, even psychological stress can throw off fluid and electrolyte levels by disrupting your hormones . As a result, you may end up with anxiety, trouble sleeping, digestive issues and dehydration headaches. Dehydration headaches feel different depending on the person, but many patients describe them as a pulsing ache similar to a hangover. Physical activity and bright lights tend to make them worse. A recent survey published in the journal Headache found that roughly 10 percent of people experience dehydration headaches .

It happens when your body takes in or holds on to more fluid than your kidneys can remove. This occurs when you drink more water than your kidneys can remove in your urine. This can cause too much water to collect in your bloodstream. Some people still follow the 8×8 rule, which recommends drinking eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day.

What Are The Symptoms Of Overhydration?

To avoid hyponatremia, it is important not to outpace the kidneys by drinking more water than they can eliminate. People at risk of death from water intoxication tend to be participating in endurance sporting events or military training. A person who is doing neither is unlikely to die from drinking too much water. The symptoms of hyponatremia can be misinterpreted as those of dehydration. According to one report, a soldier who received an incorrect diagnosis of dehydration and heat stroke died from water intoxication as a result of rehydration efforts.

  • Find out what’s normal and what conditions could affect your urine output.
  • And you know how you can often see your breath in the cold air?
  • Drink water when you are thirsty and until your urine is light yellow to clear.
  • When a person drinks too much water too fast, the amount of water in the body rises which causes the cells to swell.
  • When this happens to brain cells, it can be dangerous and even life threatening.
  • Your body is smart—like Mensa smart—so it knows when it needs something and sends you a signal.

Because he was improperly rehydrated, his sodium levels fell below 130 mmol/l. The runner then developed water on the brain, known as hydrocephalus, and a hernia in his brain stem, which caused his death. Though it’s important to increase your water intake if you’re engaging in strenuous physical activity or outside in hot weather, allow your natural thirst to be your guide in most situations. Cancer treatment can cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

The key is simply to “drink to quench thirst,” but as I noted in my previous article, thirst may become less effective an indicator as we age. You should also talk to a doctor if you have dehydration headaches occurring more than occasionally, just to rule out other underlying causes. The old adage, “you are what you eat” could more accurately be said, “you are mostly what you drink.” About 60% of the average adult human body is made of water.

Not sure how you’ll come close to drinking your fill of fluids throughout the day? Try adding natural ingredients to your water, like fresh strawberries, cucumbers, or orange or lemon slices.

Over-hydration occurs when someone drinks too much water which affects our electrolytes. Electrolytes need to be in balance in order to maintain healthy blood, heart rhythm, muscle function and other important functions. Drinking too much water, can cause the electrolyte levels in the body to get out of whack and cause sodium levels plummet. The nerve and heart issues that occur with over-hydration can be deadly. The Mayo Clinic, for example, states that water intake depends on age, activity level, overall health, climate and other factors.

Dietitians constantly remind us that drinking enough water is absolutely vital in order for our bodies to function properly. Though most people look out for the signs of dehydration, overhydration is equally as dangerous. Drinking too much water can result in water intoxication, also known as hyponatremia, causing the inside of cells to flood due to abnormally low sodium levels in your bloodstream. In severe cases, water intoxication can lead to debilitating health problems such as seizures, coma, and even death. If you experience a dehydration headache, increase your fluid intake, replace lost electrolytes with a sports drink, decrease your physical activity and avoid heat to reduce sweating.

Here are a few of the more dire effects of imbibing more water than your body needs. Later, read up on our list of the 108 Most Popular Sodas Ranked by How Toxic They Are.

Studies show that rehydrating with water can also reduce alcohol-related impairments in cognitive function . The trick is to sip small amounts of water throughout the day. If you’re thirsty, it’s already too late and a gnarly dehydration headache could be right around the corner.

Diarrhea and vomiting can lead to dehydration, as can increased urination. However, in the hot summer months, a main cause of dehydration is not drinking enough water or fluids to replace the water lost when you sweat. If you do vigorous activity – or are simply enjoying our hot summer climate – and don’t replace fluids as you go, you can become dehydrated. “Drinking too much water can result in a condition called hyponatremia, which is a dangerous drop in blood sodium levels,” saysKristin Koskinen, RDN, registered dietitian in Richland, Washington. It’s important to note that not all fluids are equal when it comes to fluid replacement. Coffee and alcohol are bad choices since both act as diuretics. These types of beverages promote urination and fluid loss, and can cause or exacerbate dehydration and headaches.

If your dehydration is severe, you can’t keep fluids down, or your headache does not subside, home remedies may not be enough and you will need to seek medical help. The pain from a dehydration headache can be located at the front, back, side, or all over the head. You will likely not feel facial pain or pressure, as you would with a sinus headache. Dehydration headaches are relieved once the body is rehydrated and the brain returns to its normal size and state. In severe cases, cerebral edema , heart failure, and other organ shutdowns can be fatal. Deaths are very rare, but they have happened from water-drinking contests, over-rehydration after participating in sports, and in military training situations.

Your heart has to work harder when there’s less water in your blood. At first, you might experience headaches, confusion, or drowsiness.

If you’re feeling thirsty, your body is likely already dehydrated. Because your thirst mechanism lags behind your actual level of hydration. Are dissolved minerals in blood and other body fluids that carry a positive or negative electric charge and conduct electricity. Particularly important examples include sodium, chloride, and potassium. Proper balance of sodium and other electrolytes is vital because they also affect many other bodily and cellular processes. Although both conditions can be serious, for most of us most of the time, drinking the right amount of water is not that difficult—even during vigorous exercise and in hot and humid conditions.

While this was an observational study and cannot prove causality, that the association existed in two distinct cultural contexts adds weight to the findings. In addition, there are potential biological explanations for why poor sleep can affect hydration. Excedrin® combines three active ingredients to form a strong and effective headache medicine. For some, headache relief starts in 15 minutes – so you can get back to your day fast.

Author: Ann Pietrangelo